Carpentry & Joinery glossary A-Z Part 5
Don’t know your monkey tail from your lamb’s tongue?! Continuing on from our previous parts of our Carpentry and Joinery terms, this post sees us looking at L-M and explaining exactly what a monkey tail bolt and lamb’s tongue is!
A hood moulding. A moulding above a window or door and terminated by corbels.
Lambs Tongue (Right)
A flat Ogee moulding, commonly used on Skirting Boards.
Built up of several thin layers of timber.
A wide resting place at the top of a flight of stairs. If the landing is equal in width to two flights, it is a half space landing. If it is only as wide as one flight, then it is a quarter-space landing.
A projecting erection above a roof, with glazed sides.
Lap Joint or Lapped Joint
A joint between two pieces of timber that overlap one another.
Lap Mitre or Lip Mitre
An angle rebated joint with a small mitre at the corner to avoid end grain showing on the face.
A small door built within a larger door or gate. An alternative name for a Judas Gate or Wicket Gate.
A long strip of timber, very thin and narrow, used for forming a key for plastered surfaces or for carrying tiles and slates.
Any work in which narrow strips of timber cross each other to form an open network.
A roof with only one slope, usually formed against the side of a building.
A door consisting of boards and ledges and with no outer frame.
Marking out the timber prior to sawing.
A Lattice work panel
Lintel or Lintol
A horizontal beam across an opening, usually carrying a wall above.
A firm, sound knot.
A block in the framing of a flush door or gate, to provide a fixing for the lock.
The middle rail of a door, carrying the lock.
A felled tree with the branches and bark removed.
Inclined boards, which admit light and air, but exclude the rain.
An American term for sawn timber.
A covered entrance to a Churchyard. Also known as a Corpse Gate.
A hammer with a large wooden head, normally used in a workshop for either framing up (putting a jointed frame together) – knocking the assorted frame members together and also when chiseling out (the use of a mallet rather than a hammer saves damaging the handle of the chisels.
Mansard Roof (Right)
A roof of double-pitch on both sides.
The shelf over a fireplace. Usually applied to the ornamental surround, or front of the fireplace.
The lintel of a fireplace.
The narrow strip mitred round the hearth of a fireplace.
Narrow panes of glass at the sides of a sash.
A rose window, or Catherine wheel window.
Inlaid work of thin veneers from differently coloured woods forming intricate pictures and patterns.
A large canopy, hood, or shelter at the entrance to a building.
Tongued and grooved boards with a veed or beaded edge.
Short for Medium Density Fibreboard, a engineered timber product made from residual Softwood and Hardwood. Recently the subject of health scares as Urea-formaldehyde is used to bind the MDF together.
A circular or elliptical raised tablet or pane, with carved or inscribed surface.
The radiating bands of cells in timber trees, which produce silver grain.
The rails in sliding sash windows, which meet in the middle of the frame.
The middle stiles of double/folding doors and double casements.
Any important piece in structural framework. Also, an individual part of a moulding.
A floor introduced between the levels of the main floors.
The intersection of two pieces or mouldings forming an angle.
A rectangular box, or trough, used for sawing mouldings to any required mitre.
Mitred and Cut String
A stair string cut to the shape of the steps and mitred for the risers.
A secret dovetailed joint with the appearance of a mitred joint.
Monkey Tail Bolt (Right)
A surface-mounted bolt with an elongated handle, usually used for securing the tops of one door of a pair of double doors to their frame. The name monkey tail refers to the elongated handle.
Mortice or Mortise
A recess formed in one member to receive a projection (the Tenon) which is on another member.
A lock sunk into the edge of a door stile, so the body of the lock is not visible on the face of the door.
A piece of timber of which the rectangular section has been shaped into various contours for ornamentation.
To plant or fix on to the face.
The vertical divisions in window frames.
Muntins or Muntings
The vertical divisions in framing between the stiles and the Mullions, also known as Glazing bars.
Part six will follow shortly, if you think you’ve got a Carpentry or Joinery term that we’ve missed, or you’ve got a question, then please use the comments section below and we will respond.